Rubik’s Cube

inventor: Ernő Rubik Jr., honoured with the title of Artist of the Nation, Kossuth Prize awarded sculptor, architect, designer, interior designer, toy designer, inventor and university professor 
time of inventon: 1974

About the inventor

Ernő Rubik Jr.

After finishing the Secondary School of Visual Arts, he studied goldsmith’s art, painting and sculpture. In 1967 he graduated as an architect at the Budapest University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture. Later he studied sculpture and interior design at the Budapest College of Applied Arts, recently called Moholy-Nagy University of Arts and Design, till 1971. Until 1975 he worked as an architect. Afterwards he went back to teach at the Budapest College of Applied Arts, where he started as assistant lecturer, later became senior lecturer and associate professor. At the beginning of the 80s he became editor of the magazine called “… És játék” (…And Games). Later in 1983 he established his own company Rubik Studio where he designed toys and furniture. In 1987 he received the title of honorary associate professor, and from 1990 he became president and later honorary president of the Hungarian Academy of Engineering.

He designed several logic games: above all the famous Magic Cube (widely known as Rubik’s Cube), but also later the Snake (1977), Master Magic (1985), Magic Domino, Sudocube, Rubik’s Clock, and finally Rubik’s 360 Ball in 2009.

Within the Hungarian Academy of Engineering he established the Rubik International Foundation for supporting especially talented young engineers and designers. Presently he works as professor at the Moholy-Nagy University of Arts and Design, manages the Rubik Studio and dedicates himself to developing game software and to architectural topics.

His achievements were acknowledged by several national prizes.


Magic Cube

Originally Magic Cube was a device designed to demonstrate 3D movements. It turned out later that it is also a quite entertaining toy. In the beginning Ernő Rubik’s intention was to make a 2x2x2 cube. His most difficult task was to find out how the cube can be turned around all its three axes. The toy started to conquer the world in 1980. Already in 1981 Rubik’s Cube became a part of the collection of the Museum of Modern Art Department of Design and Architecture in New York. The 40th anniversary of Rubik’s Cube was celebrated worldwide in 2004.