Andrew I


son of: Vazul
period of reign: 1046-1060
spouse: Anastasia of Kiev, daugther of grand prince Yaroslav I the Wise 
children: Adelaide, Solomon, David
succesor: Béla I


Andrew I reigned as the fourth king of the Árpád Dynasty in the Hungarian Kingdom between 1046 and 1060.

He was the middle son of Vazul, who was blinded by the order of King Stephen I. After his father’s death Andrew I fled to Kiev, where he was baptised. It was a group of Hungarian lords who persuaded Andrew I to come back during the troubled times following the death of Stephen I. Andrew I defeated and blinded Peter I (Orseolo), defeated the revolt of the pagan Hungarians, meanwhile continued to strengthen Christianity. He founded Tihany Monastery, the charter of which preserves the earliest extant text written in Hungarian. Following the Stephen I’s example, he also had coins minted.

With the help of his brother Béla, he defended the country against the troops of Emperor Henry III in the battle of Vértes in 1051 and also in 1052, when the Emperor laid siege to the fortress of Pressburg (Bratislava, Slovakia). In 1058 Andrew I signed a peace treaty with the Germans. His son, Solomon married a German princess, the sister of Henry IV. In 1059, in the tense situation due to the coronation of Solomon, Andrew I invited his brother Duke Béla to a meeting at Tiszavárkony and he offered his brother – who owned one third of the country - to choose between a crown and a sword. Béla, wisely enough, chose the sword, however even so he fled to Poland. Later on he returned to the country, attacked Andrew with his army and chased his brother’s troops, which mainly consisted of German soldiers, until the gate of Moson. It was there, where Andrew I had been trampled by horses while he was trying to flee and got seized. Shortly afterwards he died as a prisoner in the court of Zirc. He was buried in the Tihany Monastery.